1952-Grace Hopper

grace hopperAmerican computer scientist and United States Navy Rear Admiral, Grace Hopper, is one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer in 1944. She uses the term ‘compiler’ to describe a program-making routine which produces a specific program for a particular problem. She is one of those who popularized the idea of machine-independent programming languages which leads to the development of COBOL, one of the first high-level programming languages. She devises the term ‘automatic programming’ to describe her work.


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